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Language Server Protocol

What is Language Server?

From the Language Server web site: The Language Server Protocol (LSP) is used between the IDE and a language smartness provider (the server) to integrate features like auto complete, go to definition, find all references and alike into the tool

Configuring common Language Servers

By default, CodeLite is able to detect and configure language server for:

On startup CodeLite will attempt to configure all the above language servers. However, if you installed them after you started CodeLite, you will need to tell CodeLite to run the scan process again. To do this:

  • Goto PluginsLanguage ServerSettings
  • Click on the Scan button


CodeLite will configure the LSP for you, but it will NOT install it for you. See below steps for installing language servers

Install pylsp (python)

pylsps is installed via pip. For this, you will need to install the following:

  • python 3 installed
  • pip3 installed
pip install python-lsp-server

Visit the project home page

Install clangd (c++)

clangd is the LSP implementation from the clang team. It provide a compiler level completion with an unmatched accuracy

Visit the project home page


On Windows, CodeLite comes with a pre built binary of clangd configured and installed.


On Linux machines, you will need to manually install clangd via your package manager.

On Ubuntu and Debian it is usually part of the clang-tools package. So to install it, use the below code snippet:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install clang-tools

Once installed, follow the steps in the manual configuration section


Often, the clang-tools package comes with a version number, e.g. clang-tools-10 Make sure to install the one with the highest number


Like Windows, clangd in part of CodeLite bundle

Install rust-analyzer


rust-analyzer can be installed via the nightly channel

rustup update
rustup +nightly component add rust-src rust-analyzer-preview

You should now have rust-analyzer installed under rustup local folder, for example, under Linux or macOS, it can be found here:

TARGET=$(rustup target list|grep installed|cut -d" " -f1)

Install rls (rust)

rustup update
rustup component add rls rust-analysis rust-src

Visit the project home page


The rls language server must be started from the cargo project directory i.e. the location of the Cargo.toml file

Manual configuration

To manually configuring new LSP in CodeLite follow these steps:

  • Install the LSP you want on your computer. You can visit this site to get a complete list of all LSP implementations out there
  • From the main menu, PluginsLanguage ServerSettings...
  • You can use the Scan button to see if CodeLite supports auto detection of your LSP. If you are in luck, then you can skip the rest of the steps
  • Click on the Add button
  • In the dialog that opens, fill the mandatory fields:
Field Mandatory Description
Enabled Is this LSP enabled?
Name Provide a descriptive name for this LSP
Remote server - When enabled, the Command is executed on a remote machine
Command The LSP execution command. For example, for clangd, the command can be as simple as /usr/bin/clangd
Working directory - Path to set before running the command
Languages Since CodeLite can have multiple LSP configured, you can associate each LSP with a language. CodeLite will use the proper LSP based on the current file's language. Use the ... button to see a list of supported languages
Connection string Defines the protocol that CodeLite communicates with the LSP. Most of the LSP servers out there supporting the stdio protocol
Priority Defines this LSP priority compared to other LSPs for the same language, the higher the better
Display diagnostics - When checked, CodeLite will display little red arrows next to potential code errors


In addition to code completion provided by the Language Server plugin, CodeLite has list of internal code completion providers which are not part of the Language Server plugin, each provider has its own internal priority:

Provider Language Priority
C++ by ctags C/C++ 75
PHP plugin PHP 50
WebTools XML 50
WebTools CSS 50
WebTools JavaScript 50

Lets explain how the priority resolves conflicts for C++:

Assuming your configured language server for C++ with priority 80, it will override the default ctags completion engine. However, if your language server is configured with priority 74 (or less), CodeLite will use ctags completion engine first

and in case ctags completion engine fails to complete, CodeLite will use the next language server for c++ language with the next highest priority. This mechanism allows you to control how CodeLite uses the language servers in conjunction with the internal completion engines

CMake and clangd

compile_flags.txt & compile_commands.json

clangd uses these two files as instructions for how to build any source file. clangd searches for these file from the active file folder and going up to the parent until it finds a match (or it can't go up any more) In case both files are found on the same directory, compile_flags.txt takes precedence.

When using CodeLite's default C++ workspace CodeLite generate these files for your automatically once the build process is completed

However, when using other workspaces (e.g. the File System Workspace) you need to provide these files (at least one of them) in order for clangd code completion to function.

If you are using cmake as your build system, you can add these two commands in the top level CMakeLists.txt file:

  • At the top of your CMakeLists.txt add this line:
  • and somewhere at the bottom of the top level CMakeLists.txt file, add this command:
execute_process(COMMAND ${CMAKE_COMMAND} -E create_symlink ${CMAKE_CURRENT_BINARY_DIR}/compile_commands.json 

this way, after running cmake, you will get an up-to-date compile_commands.json file for clangd