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C++ workspace


This is the recommended workspace when developing a C/C++ project from scratch. The C++ workspace organizes all the projects in a tree view

Project


The workspace does not contain real information about your code. Instead, all of your code info (how to build, what to build etc) is stored in the project file.

If you are familiar with Makefile, a project contains all the information needed to construct a Makefile to build your code into a binary

Keeping the Makefile analogy, each project in the workspace defines a single build target, where a build target can be one of:

  • Shared Object (.so, .dylib or .dll depends on the platform)
  • Static library (.a)
  • Executable

Each project, may have multiple build configurations. For example, you may wish to build your executable with debug information or optimized. So you would define two build configurations: one Release and another named Debug

To view the project settings, right click on the project and choose Settings...

project settings menu

project settings dialogue

General


This page contains list of general information about the project

Project property Description
Project enabled enable or disable the project. A disabled project can still be built, but it is excluded from the workspace build
Project type Determines the target type (as described above)
Makefile Generator CodeLite offers multiple Makefile generators, the recommended value here is CodeLite Makefile Generator
Compiler Choose to compiler to use by this project (more specifically, by this project configuration)
Intermediate directory Sets the location of the object files. When Makefile Generator is used as the generator, this field is ignored
Output File Sets the name of the output file
Pause when execution ends When checked, CodeLite will run your program under a terminal which will pause before your program exits
This program is a GUI application When checked, CodeLite will avoid wrapping your program with a terminal
Executable to run / debug Set the executable to execute. This can be different value from the Output File
Working directory Sets the working directory for the target execution / debug
Program arguments Pass these arguments to the executed program
Debugger Choose the debugger to use. Under Windows & Linux it is recommended to use the GNU GDB Debugger while under macOS, choose LLDB
Use separate debugger args When checked, CodeLite will pass to the debugger the program arguments found under the Debugger Program Arguments rather than the ones that placed under the Program Arguments field
Debugger Program Arguments Pass these arguments to the debugger program

Compiler


Contains all the information needed in order to compile your code (this is different from Linking):

Project property Description
Compiler is not required for this project enable this option if this project does not require compiling
Use with global settings See Global Settings below
C++ compiler options semi colon list of options to pass to the compiler when compiling a C++ source file e.g. -g;-Wall;-std=c++17
C compiler options semi colon list of options to pass to the compiler when compiling a C source file e.g. -g;-Wall
Assembler options semi colon list of options to pass to the compiler when compiling a .s file (assembly file)
Include Paths semi colon list of directories to pass to the compiler for searching header files. It is recommended to use here relative paths, or use environment variables. e.g. $(HOME)/includes;$(BOOST_DIR)/includes
Preprocessors semi colon list of macros (AKA defines) to the compiler, e.g. USE_GUI=1;NDEBUG=1
Header file Path to the PCH file to use
Explicitly include PCH When checked, CodeLite will include the PCH header file in the build command line using the -include <pch-file>
PCH Compile flags Set here any special compiler options for the building the PCH file. recommended to leave this empty
PCH Compiler flags policy CodeLite can use the PCH compile flags value in addition to the other compiler options as defined in C++ compiler options and C compiler options. You can set here the policy for how merge between the two

Environment


Set the environment variables to use when building / running this project. You can set variables in two ways:

Linker


Project property Description
Use with global settings See Global Settings below
Linker options semi colon list of options to pass to the linker e.g. -pthread;-s
Libraries search path semi colon list of directories to pass to the compiler for searching libraries. It is recommended to use here relative paths, or use environment variables. e.g. $(HOME)/lib;$(BOOST_DIR)/lib
Libraries semi colon list of libraries to link against. e.g. boost_fiber;boost_system

Tip

When setting the Libraries field, there is no need to include the prefix lib or its prefix e.g. .a so if you want to link against libboost_fiber.a and libboost_regex.a, your Libraries field should look like: boost_fiber;boost_regex

Debugger


This page allows to override the global debugger settings. Settings that can be overridden here:

  • Custom debugger executable
  • Add debugger search paths for source files
  • Custom start-up commands
  • Remote attach commands (executed after the debugger attaches a remote target)

You can also specify here if debugging over gdbserver by enabling the Debugging a remote target. You can read more about gdbserver here

Resources


Windows ONLY

CodeLite inovke the winres compiler for .rc files on Windows to compile resources. Here you can set search path and other resource compiler options (windres) similar to the Compiler page

Pre / Post Build commands


Run list of commands before or after the build process. As part of the build command, you may use:

  • Environment variables
  • Project variables (click the Help button in the project settings dialog to get a full list of them)

The below example uses the project variable: OutputFile and the environment variable HOME:

echo Build of $(OutputFile) completed successfully!
echo my home dir is $(HOME)

Customize / Custom


DEPRECATED If you need to use a custom build. Please use the File System Workspace workspace

Customize / Custom Makefile Rules


This page allows user to specify makefile rule(s) to be executed during the pre-build stage (actually, it will be executed before the commands provided in the Pre Build page).

Important

You must be familiar with makefile writing conventions to use this page.

The main difference between the commands executed in the Pre Build stage and the commands that will be executed in this rule, is that the commands in the Pre Build stage are executed unconditionally, while rules set here are executed based on their dependencies.

For example, lets assume that we have a project with a yacc & flex files that needs to be preprocessed by the Yacc & Flex tools before compilation starts

In the Dependencies line, set: parser.cpp lexer.cpp

While in the Rule actions we place this code:

## rule to generate parser.cpp based on grammar.y
parser.cpp: grammar.y
    @echo Generating parser.cpp and lexer.h ...
    yacc -dl  -t -v grammar.y
    mv y.tab.h lexer.h
    mv y.tab.c parser.cpp

## rule to generate lexer.cpp based on lexer.l
lexer.cpp: lexer.l
    @echo Generating lexer.cpp ...
    flex -L  lexer.l
    mv lex.yy.c lexer.cpp

Global Settings


The global settings page contains list of properties that can be used with the following pages:

  • Compiler
  • Linker
  • Resource compiler

On the above pages (Compiler, Linker and Resources) you can set the merging policy:

Policy Description
Append The page properties are appended to the global settings
Prepend The page properties are prepended to the global settings
Overwrite The page properties overwrite the global settings

The Configuration Manager


CodeLite supports multiple build configurations, i.e. you can build your code in Release, Debug or any other configuration that you have defined via the configuration manager (from menu, Buildconfiguration Manager...) To switch between the defined configuration, change the selection of the drop down button at the top of the workspace view:

configuration manager menu

configuration manager dialogue

The dialog has two sections, Workspace Configuration at the top, and Available Project Configurations below; the latter showing every project in this workspace. Let's start with Projects, as it'll be easier to understand that way

Project Configurations


Each project is created with two default configurations, Debug and Release. If you open the drop down arrow right to the project entry, you'll see an entry for each of these, plus items Edit and New:

  • Edit just lets you rename or delete an item.
  • New is more interesting. It brings up a dialog where you're asked for a name for the new configuration, and you also have the opportunity to clone the contents of one of the existing settings; this saves you from having to re-enter all the non-default data each time.

So why would you want to do this? Isn't having a Debug and a Release build enough for anyone? No, there are various other things you might want to do. You might decide to have a build that links to wxWidgets statically, and another dynamically; or a unicode build and an ANSI one. You might want to build your app as a library as well as an executable, and as either a static or a dynamic one.

Another reason for having multiple builds is multiple wxWidgets versions (if you're using CodeLite to create non-wxWidgets programs, substitute your own toolkit's name here ;). You probably have installed a recent version of wxWidgets stable, but what if you wish to make sure your project builds against wxWidgets svn trunk? Or to check compatibility with an older wxWidgets e.g. 2.6.4, or even 2.4.2?

Yet another reason: compiling on different platforms. If you build your project on MSWindows, Linux and macOS, you'll need a build (or several) for each. So I've convinced you that you just must have a different available build for every day of the week. I suggest you give each a descriptive name e.g. wx2.8.9ud

Project Settings


So far, you've just duplicated an existing build-type (or used the defaults), and given it a different label. Now you have to make wx2.8.9ud actually have 2.9 unicode debug settings. For this you use the Project Settings dialog. At the top of this dialog, change the Configuration Type combobox selection to wx2.8.9ud Then go through the tabs, altering any relevant settings (in this example, you'll need to make the entries on the Compiler and Linker tabs call a 2.9 unicode debug wx-config). Your new project configuration is now available to use in a workspace build matrix.

Workspace Configuration


At the top of the Configuration Manager dialog is the Workspace Configuration combobox. This also comes with four entries: two default build matrices, Debug and Release, plus Edit and New. If you change the setting e.g. from Debug to Release, the project combobox(es) should change to match.

  • Again: Edit lets you rename or delete an item.
  • This time, New just asks for a name for the new build matrix; it will usually make sense to give it the same name as the builds it will contain, so let's make one called wx2.8.9ud. Now select this in the Workspace Configuration combobox, and in the project combobox select wx2.8.9ud too. Click OK and your new configuration is ready.

You can change to a wx2.8.9ud build with just a mouse-click, by selecting it in the 'Selected Configuration' combobox in the Workspace View. Now building will use your 2.9 unicode debug wxWidgets installation instead of the normal one.

By now you're probably thinking that this is an over-complicated way to do things. Why not just change at the project level, and not bother with a workspace build matrix? As usual, for 'Hello World' you're right. But doing it this way gives you much more flexibility with larger, real-world apps. CodeLite itself is a good example of this. The workspace (currently) contains 18 projects. Two have a build (sensibly called 'common') that stays the same on each platform; but the other 16 have a build for MSWindows and another for Linux/Mac. Without the build-matrix idea, compiling for a different platform would mean changing the build type on 16 projects; with it, you need only to select a different build matrix, and each project is adjusted automatically.

Active project


All the default keyboard accelerators are applied to the active project.

Example:

If you hit F7 to start the build process, it will build the active project

Debugging


Starting the debugger

There are three sorts of debug session:

  • Debugging the active project
  • Attaching to an existing process
  • Quick-debug

Debugging the active project

This is the normal sort of debugging. First, if your workspace contains more than one project, ensure that the active one is the desired project with the project name shown in bold. If not, this can be changed by right clicking on the project and selecting Set as active

Then start the debugger by:

  • Pressing F5
  • Clicking the appropriate tool in the Debug section of the main toolbar (the bug icon)
  • From the main menu bar: DebuggerStart/Continue Debugger

CodeLite will start the debugger, automatically providing it with the following parameters:

  • The executable to debug, taken from Project SettingsGeneralExecutionExecutable to Run / Debug
  • Once the debugger is successfully started, it will pass the program arguments see the General page for info

Attach to a process

To select a process to debug, go to DebuggerAttach to process; this will open a dialog with all current processes listed. Select the one to be debugged. Debugging then continues as above

Quick Debug

This is described in detail in Debugging With Quick Debug